Nose drops are used for draining the nose. The drops help relieve nasal congestion or plugged ears, in case of allergies, sinus, cold etc. The drops, as in the case of sprays help in narrowing the blood vessels in the lining of the nose, thereby less blood travels in these vessels and less fluid come to the nasal lining, and the mucus and congestion reduces. If the medicine is used for long the effect may decrease, and also result in rebound congestion once the usage stops. It brings back the congestion, making it all the more worse.
To apply the nose drops properly, gently blow the nose first. Blowing the nose will help the medicine penetrate properly. Lie down and let your head hang over the edge of the bed. The drops should be administered to each nostril without the bottle touching the inside of the nose, after which the head may be moved from one side to the other for a couple of minutes. The medication may not be used in standing or sitting position, as the medicine cannot reach the upper part of the nasal cavity. Take care that the bottle top is replaced after every use. The dose must be as per the advice of the doctor and should not be increased. The medication generally is for 3 to 5 days, as continuous use of the nose drops may cause congestion.
In certain cases there could be side effects like irritation, increase in mucus or sneezing. There could be dryness of the nostrils or change in taste. Prolonged disturbances must not be ignored and the doctor has to be consulted. Some times the medicine can cause dizziness, and in case of dizziness, shivering, sleeplessness, palpitation or anything other than ordinary, medical help has to be sought as soon as possible. Those who are already ailing on account of heart problems, high blood pressure, diabetes or thyroid imbalance, allergy of any kind etc. Should notify the doctor about their problem if they are prescribed nose drops. The elderly, children and pregnant or breast-feeding women must take special precaution. In case you are already taking medicine for cold or some allergy, double-check to rule out any chance for reactions. During the course of the medication avoid over-the-counter medicines, and always opt for prescriptions from the doctor.
In case of overdose symptoms like drowsiness, nausea, headache, palpitation etc. Are suspected seek medical help immediately, and do not take double dose in case of a missed dose. Either skip the missed dose altogether or take it only if it is not too late. You can find a range of nose drops at the local chemists, but avoid using them without proper guidance, also do not change type of nose drop or continue after the prescribed period without consultation.
The bottle has to be stored in a cool, dry place, out of reach of children. Always keep the bottle closed and never share the bottles. Stop the medicine once the period expires and if the problem persists you have to seek doctor's advice yet again before restarting, or changing the dose. Dispose the bottle once the date expires and get a new one if the medication has to be continued.
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